Second archaeological campaign 2009

The second archaeological campaign at the Mortuary Temple of Thutmosis III took place from the beginning of November until the middle of December 2009. As in the previous season, the campaign was funded by the Spanish petrol company CEPSA.
During this season, excavations continued on the main ramp, along with the investigations to reveal the façade of the containment wall of the Peristyle hall. The restoration and protection of the architectural features of the Second Court continued as well, while excavations in area of the Hypostyle hall were initiated.

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Third archaeological campaign 2010

The third consecutive campaign of archaeological investigations at the Mortuary Temple of Thutmosis III was carried out between October 2nd and December 17th 2010. The campaign was made possible by the continued support of CEPSA, with additional support from the Marcelino Botin Foundation, enabling the campaign to be prolonged. This led to a marked increase in the amount of work achieved by the joint Spanish-Egyptian team.
The team was reinforced this season by the addition of several members of the Department of Fine art and Archaeology at the University of Granada. Several graduate students, specialising in Egyptology, Archaeology and Restoration, also joined the team in order to gain valuable field experience.

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Fourth archaeological campaign 2011

Since the beginning of the excavations in 2008, the Mortuary Temple of Thutmosis III has generated a large amount of material, which has implied the involvement of additional specialists from diverse fields. For this fourth season, the focus was on the following objectives:

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Ninth Archaeological Campaign 2016

Goals

The ninth archaeological and Egyptological investigations season at the Temple and the Middle Kingdom necropolis begun on October 4, 2016. During previous interventions, numerous archaeological materials have been discovered, whose study is contributing to a better understanding of various life aspects of the ancient city of Thebes. From a historical point of view, the site has produced structures and objects so far, that from various periods: XIth dynasty modest tombs, XIIth dynasty nobles’ tombs, the XVIIIth dynasty temple and a priest’s house of the XIXth dynasty. The archaeological richness for each of these periods is providing interesting information.

The main objectives of this field season will focus on the following points:
• Continuation of the excavation and restoration of the enclosure wall west of the temple, with the aim to complete the investigations of the walls and achieve a historical assessment through preserved mudbrick stamp seals.
• Continuation of the excavations on the upper terrace of the temple to be able to expose and preserve the whole area. It also intended to progress in the architectural study of the foundations and stone structures that is still in place, with the aim to design its musealization. This phase of the project will involve several seasons of work, the ultimate goal is to have the plan of the temple clearly marked in the ground.
• Continuation of the excavations of the necropolis of the XIth dynasty located on a rocky promontory outside the enclosure wall north to complete the works initiated there.
• Excavation of new tombs located under the temple, where a team will work on the excavation of tomb number XXI, discovered at the end of 2015 season.
• Resuming of the task of documenting the large amount of material found throughout previous seasons to progress on the database updating. Further, there are two doctoral theses in progress focused on the study of New Kingdom materials from the site.
• Continuation of the work of restoration of mudbrick structures.
• Continuation of the study of the vast amount of pottery from different periods found in different sections of the site.
Depending on the findings, the objectives will also include a preliminary study of human remains that might be found in the course of the season.



The jewellery of the lady

The work in the tombs located in the necropolis below the Temple of Millions of Years of Thutmose III starts to bear fruit. The Egyptian-Spanish team has discovered two tombs from the Middle Kingdom (2137-1781 BC), which brought to light very interesting material dating from a relatively obscure period of the Theban region.

On the 15th October of this year the seventh campaign of excavating and restoring the Temple of Millions of Years of Thutmose III, located near the modern town of Qurna on the West Bank of Luxor, commenced. One of its objectives is the cleaning and preservation of the tombs that had been previously localized by employing the technology of exploration by geo-radar. And one of them has yielded truly exceptional results.
Once the cleaning of the funerary shaft of the tomb no. XIV, which already had been looted in antiquity, was finished, the excavators could determine, that in one of the chambers part of the roof had already collapsed before the desecration by ancient tomb robbers, which in turn nourished hopes that this certain part of the sepulchre had not been plundered in the past. As the cleaning of the debris went on, it became clearer and clearer that indeed these hopes have not been false.
A large boulder, which had fallen down before the tomb was looted, had crushed and buried a previously untouched coffin with all its contents. Thus, the raiding of the valuable artefacts attached to the mummy inside was prevented. Removing the aforementioned boulder, the excavators discovered vestiges of a wooden coffin and an utterly destroyed female mummy, which, however, still wore the marvellous jewellery attached to it during the process of mummification and subsequent burial. A preliminary analysis of the pottery found in the tomb allows for a reliable dating of the ensemble to the Middle Kingdom.
The female owner of the tomb was buried with a cylindric amulet made of semiprecious stones and gold plates, and with a pendant in the form of a finely wrought golden shell. Furthermore, she carried two golden bangles on her arms, each formed by two pieces of twisted wire, connected to each other and silver bracelets on both ankles. The golden shell and the two golden bangles were found in a perfect state of preservation, while the silver ankle bracelets suffered from heavy damage. These spectacular findings confirm, that under the Temple of Millions of Years of Thutmose III there is located an elite necropolis, in which wealthy and important individuals of the Middle Kingdom and their families were buried.
In fact, at the end of the campaign of 2013 another tomb, no. XI, was unearthed, containing the, unfortunately badly preserved, funerary equipment and fragments of a wooden coffin belonging to a person named Ikery. The tomb, that had been looted and reused in later times, preserved the bones of seventeen different individuals and, among other artefacts, fragments of wooden models, canopic jars and small figurines, among which about twenty fragments of so-called magical wands manufactured from ivory are especially important, which transmit important information about the beliefs of the Ancient Egyptians.


Publications

Artículos

  •    M. Seco Álvarez, “Excavations in the Temple of Millions of Years of Thutmosis III”, in Proceedings of the XI International Congress of Egyptologists, Ed. G. Rosati and M. C. Guidotti, 2017, pp 581586.
  •    J. Martínez Babón, “Objects découverts dans des tombes thébaines situées sous le Temple de Millions d’Années de Thoutmosis III”, in Proceedings of the XI International Congress of Egyptologists, Ed. G. Rosati and M. C. Guidotti, 2017, pp. 384388.
  •     M. Seco Álvarez y otros, "First Season of the EgyptianSpanish project at the Funerary Temple of Thutmosis III in Luxor", ASAE 84, (2010), pp. 135.
  •      M. Seco Álvarez y otros, "Second and Third Campaigns of the EgyptianSpanish project at the Mortuary Temple of Thutmosis III in Luxor West Bank (2009 and 2010)", ASAE 86 (20122013), pp. 329395.
  •     M. Seco Álvarez y otros, "Fouth and Fifth Campaigns of the EgyptianSpanish project at the Mortuary Temple of Thutmosis III in Luxor West Bank (2011 and 2012)", ASAE 88 (2015), en prensa
  •     M. Seco Álvarez y A. Radwan, "EgyptianSpanish Project at The Funerary Temple of Thutmosis III in Luxor West Bank: The results of two seasons", Memnonia, Cahier Supplementaire nº 2 (2012), pp. 5971.
  •     M. Seco Álvarez y J. Martínez Babón, “Foundation Deposit in the Temple of Millions of Years of Thutmose III in Luxor”, Memnonia XXV (2014), pp. 157167.
  •     M. Seco Álvarez y J. Martínez Babón, “Stela of the Priest Ra found in the Temple of Millions of Years of Thutmosis III”, Memnonia XXVI (2016), pp. 129135.
  •     M. Seco Álvarez, J. Martínez Babón y Mª Antonia Moreno Cifuentes, “Preliminary study about the stoppers found in the Temple of Millions of Years of Thutmosis III”, Memnonia 27 (2017), pp. 101115 and pl. XXXIX.
  •     B. Bader and M. Seco Álvarez, “Results of five years of pottery analysis in the Temple of Millions of Years of Thutmosis III in Western Thebes (20112015)”, Egypt and Levant 26 (2016), pp. 157262.
  •     M. Seco Álvarez, "Recientes descubrimientos en el Templo Funerario de Tutmosis III", Boletín de Bellas Artes nº 37, pp. 510520.
  •     M. Seco Álvarez, "Trabajos arqueológicos en el Templo de Millones de Años del faraón Tutmosis III en Luxor: campañas 20082011", DJESER nº4, (2012), Revista de Arte, Arqueología y Egiptología, pp. 6473.
  •     http://www.centroelba.es/Revista.aspx?Revista_id=8.
  •     M. Seco Álvarez, "Últimos descubrimientos en el proyecto de excavación, restauración y puesta en valor del templo funerario de Tutmosis III en la orilla oeste de Luxor", en L. M. De Araújo y J. Das Candeias Sales (eds.), Novos trabalhos de Egiptologia Ibériaca. IV Congreso Ibérico de Egiptología, Vol. II, Lisboa 2012, pp. 10651075.
  •     J. Martínez Babón, "Fragmentos de relieves de carácter militar en el templo funerario de Tutmosis III", en L. M. De Araújo y J. Das Candeias Sales (eds.), Novos trabalhos de Egiptologia Ibériaca. IV Congreso Ibérico de Egiptología, Vol. II, Lisboa 2012, pp. 669677.
  •     E Mora Ruedas and Mª A Moreno Cifuentes, "Trabajos de conservación y restauración en el templo funerario de Tutmosis III", en L. M. De Araújo y J. Das Candeias Sales (eds.), Novos trabalhos de Egiptologia Ibériaca. IV Congreso Ibérico de Egiptología, Vol. II, Lisboa 2012, pp. 773791.
  •     A. Navarro y varios, "la cal en el antiguo Egipto", La Cal, Investigación Patrimonio y Restauración, Sevilla 2014, pp. 2738.
  •     M. Seco Álvarez, "The Temple of Millions of Years of Tuthmosis III", Egyptian Archaeology 44 (2014), pp. 2125.
  •     M. Seco Álvarez y J. Martínez Babón, “ Middle Kingdom tombs beneath the Temple of Millions of Years”, Egyptian Archaeology 47 (2015), pp. 2730.
  •     M. Seco Álvarez y J. Martínez Babón, “A Ramesside Building in the Temple of Millions of Years of Thutmose III in Luxor”, SAK 44 (2015), pp. 383391, pls. 4752.
  •     M. Seco Álvarez y J. Martínez Babón, “Jewelry found in the 12th Dynasty Tomb at Luxor”, KMT 26, nº 2 (Summer 2015), pp. 3541.
  •     M. Seco Álvarez, “The Henketankh Temple of Thutmosis III in Luxor West Bank: Five years of intervention”, From the Delta to the Cataract, Studies dedicated to Mohamed elBialy, LeidenBoston 2015, pp. 240253.
  •     M. Seco Álvarez y A. Gamarra Campuzano, “Thutmosis III Temple of Millions of Years and the Mud Brick Marks: Conservation and first conclusions”, Lingua Aegyptia 16, en NonTextual Marking Systems in Ancient Egypt (and Elsewhere), Hamburg 2015, pp. 5967.
  •     M. Seco Álvarez, “Latest news about the work of investigation in the Temple of Millions of Years of the pharaoh Thutmose III in Qurna”, The Temples of Millions of Years in Thebes (eds. Myriam Seco Álvarez y Asunción Jódar Miñarro), Granada 2015, pp. 101133.    Con artículos de:
    •   J. Martínez Babón, “Epigraphic and iconographic aspects of the Temple of Millions of Years of Thutmose III, pp. 245272.
    •   A. Gamarra Campuzano, “Conservation of the mudbrick structures in the Temple of Millions of Years of Thutmose III”, pp. 273291.
    •   A. Moreno Cifuentes, I. García Martínez y I. Lozano Urbano, “Conservación y restauración del Templo de Millones de Años de Tutmosis III”, pp. 311325.
    •   B. Bader, “Overview of pottery occurring in the Temple of Millions of Years of Thutmose III”, pp. 293309.
    •   T. Teixidó y J.A. Peña Ruano, “Exploración georrádar en el Templo de Millones de Años de Tutmosis III”, pp. 327347.
    •   F.J. Melero Rus, “Digitalización 3D del Templo de Millones de Años de Tutmosis III”, pp. 349365. 
    •   A. Jódar Miñarro, “El dibujo de hipótesis visuales para la reconstrucción de figuras completas a partir de fragmentos en el Templo de Millones de Años de Tutmosis III. Una aproximación desde la creación artística”, pp. 367401.
    •    R. Marín Viadel, “Todo significa algo: la excavación arqueológica del Templo de Millones de Años de Tutmosis III y la creación artística contemporánea”, pp. 403435.