This campaign was extended to three months, from mid-September to mid-December of 2012. During the first phase, we have been working in the several fields of research:
- Archaeology: New sectors have been opened with the objectives of marking off the ancient structures and retrieving objects that will help us to define the peculiarities and activities that took place in and around the temple. Some of the most significant artifacts that have been found are fragments of small sculptures, ostraca, and some objects of common day life. Currently, we set up a new objective of opening and studying some new tombs of the necropolis that are located within the temple and by the temple vicinity.
- Ceramic studies: We have worked with some full ceramic objects and a large amount of fragments that belong to various periods. The typological study and dating of ceramics is extremely important because it lets us understand better the different chronological aspects of historic phases that have a great impact on our investigations.
- Documentation: We have worked with some full ceramic objects and a large amount of fragments that belong to various periods. The typological study and dating of ceramics is extremely important because it lets us understand better the different chronological aspects of historic phases that have a great impact on our investigations.
- Restoration: This season, we continued consolidating/protecting the excavated areas by reintegrating mudbricks rows by creating a protecting layer on the original structure, following the same constructive techniques and using the size of the original mudbricks. Restoration of fragments of reliefs and inscriptions on sandstone and limestone items has also been carried out during this season..
Once the internal façade of the Pylon was excavated, and having noticed that its conservation is much better than the exterior one, the consolidation tasks which started in 2011 continued. This will allow us to display a larger area of the original constructive façade.
During this season, were able to determine the original north corner of the Pylon through excavations, giving us the chance to precisely measure with perfect symmetry, these robust structures and resolve the final limits of the southern side of the Pylon. It should be noted that we are investigating one of the best preserved and most interesting mudbrick Pylon.
Located by the inner side of the southern enclosure wall, these structures were already excavated by Weigall in 1906 and later re-excavated and documented with photographic evidence by Ricke in the 30's. Comparing current state with Ricke's photographs, we have verified the high levels of destruction and obliteration of structures and the existence of doorways and walking areas.
By studying the old documentation, we interpret current structures, so we can properly plan its consolidation and the creation of protective layers for better conservation and understanding.
Main enclosure wall
In 2012, the protective layer works on the enclosure wall continued. This volumetric reintegration goes from the southeast corner to the west, where the highest visible level of the wall is the bedrock.
By this intervention, we have improved the understanding of the whole temple structure. Moreover, we have provided a new entry point for future visitors and the project members, which will avoid future erosion of the archaeological features in this highly-eroded area.