Fifth Archaeological Campaign 2012

This campaign will be active for three months, from mid September to mid December of 2012. During the first phase we have been working in the several procedures:

  • Archaeology: New sectors have been opened with the objectives of marking off the ancient structures and retrieving objects that will help us to define the peculiarities and activities that took place in and around the temple. Some of the most relevant artifacts that have been found are fragments of small sculptures, ostraca, and some objects of common daylife. In the meanwhile, we have brought up a new goal: to open some new tombs of the necropolis that are located in the temple.
  • Ceramic studies: We have worked with some full ceramic objects and a great amount of fragments that belong to different periods. The typological study and dating of the ceramics is extremely important because it let us understand better different chronological aspects of historic phases that have a great interest for our investigation.
  • Documentation: We have continued documenting all the limestone and sandstone blocks that contain parts of reliefs and inscriptions, fragments of stele, statues and other items. It should be noticed that the first year we found thousands of fragments , which should be added to those that have been retrieved during the last years, as also those found in this campaign.
  • Restoration: In 2012 we continue consolidating/protecting the excavated areas by the reintegration of mud bricks rows by creating a protecting layer of the original structure, following the same constructive techniques and using the size of original mud bricks. Restoration of fragments of reliefs and inscriptions on sandstone and limestone items has also been carried out during the excavation.

Pylon area.

PylonOnce the internal façade of the pylons was excavated, and having noticed that its conservation is much better than the exterior one, we have continued the consolidation tasks that we started on 2011. This will allow us to display a larger area of the original constructive façade.

We have discovered in this campaign the original north corner of the pylon, which has given us the chance of measure the precision and perfection of the symmetry of these robust structures constructive bonds. It should be noticed that we face one of the oldest mud bricks pylon, and hence one of the most interesting.

Priest's house

Second CourtThese structures were already excavated by Weigall in 1906 and later re-excavated and documented with photographic evidence by Ricke in the 30's. Comparing current state with Ricke's photographs, we have verified the high levels of destruction and obliteration of structures and also the existence of doorways and walking areas.

By studying the old documentation we interpret current structures, so we can properly plan its consolidation and the creation of protective layers for its better conservation and understanding.

Main enclosure wall

On 2012 we have continued working on the protective layer of the wall. This volumetric reintegration goes from the southeast corner to the West, where the highest visible level of the wall is the bed rock.

By this intervention we have improved the understanding of the whole temple structure. Moreover, we have provided a new entry point for future visitors and the mission staff, which will avoid future erosion of the archaeological evidences in this highly eroded area.

 

 

Field School

Field School

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